Gary Anderson

Gary Anderson

Endowed Professor
Hesburgh Professor of Catholic Theology
Biblical Studies/Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity


B.A. Albion College, 1977; M.Div Duke University, 1981; Ph.D Harvard University, 1985

Research and Teaching Interests

Anderson’s interests concern the religion and literature of the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible with special interest in the reception of the Bible in early Judaism and Christianity. His interests span the entire Bible but as of recent he has put special focus on the book of Genesis as well as priestly literature. He is also interested in biblical narrative, canonical exegesis, biblical theology, Jewish culture and religion and Jewish-Christian relations.

Anderson has won numerous awards including most recently grants from the American Philosophical Society, Lilly Endowment and the Institute for Advanced Study at Hebrew University. His most recent book, Sin: A History (Yale University Press, 2009) treats the way in which metaphors for sin change from the First to the Second Temple period and how those changes decisively shaped the way Jews and Christians came to view the effect of sins and how they might be forgiven. He is currently working on a book on the Tabernacle narratives in Exodus and their influence on the rest of the Bible. Some recent articles include: "Redeem Your Sins by the Giving of Alms: Sin, Debt, and the 'Treasury of Merit' in Early Judaism and Christianity;” “To See Where God Dwells: The Tabernacle, the Temple, and the Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition;” and “The Book of Tobit and the Canonical Ordering of the Book of the Twelve.” Anderson was recently elected Vice-President of the Catholic Biblical Association for 2012-13 and will serve as President for 2013-14.

Recent Publications

2017. Christian Doctrine and the Old Testament: Theology in the Service of Biblical Exegesis.  Grand Rapids, MI:  Baker Academic, 2017.
2017. Creatio ex nihilo:  Origins and Contemporary Significance.  Edited with Markus Bockmuehl.  University of Notre Dame Press, 2017
2013. Charity: The Place of the Poor in the Biblical Tradition.  New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2013. One of the best books in Religion of 2013, Religious News Service; Award of merit from Christianity Today; Finalist for the 2014 American Academy of Religion Awards for Excellence in the Study of Religion.
Edited with Ruth A. Clements and David Satran. 2013. New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple period and in Early Christianity. Leiden: Brill.
Edited with Ruth A. Clements and David Satran. 2013. New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple period and in Early Christianity. Leiden: Brill.
2009. Sin: A History. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Best Book of the year in Biblical Studies, Christianity Today.
2001. Genesis of Perfection: Adam and Eve in Jewish and Christian Imagination. Westminster: John Knox.
Edited with Michael Stone and Johannes Tromp. 2000. Literature on Adam and Eve: Collected Essays. Leiden: Brill.
Edited with Michale Stone. 1994. A Synopsis of the Life of Adam and Eve. Atlanta: Scholars Press.
1991. A Time to Mourn and a Time to Dance. The Expression of Joy and Grief in Israelite Religion. University Park: Penn State Press. 
Edited with Saul Olyan. 1991. Priesthood and Cult in Ancient Israel.  Sheffiedl: Sheffield Academic Press.
1988. Sacrifices and Offerings in Ancient Israel: Studies in their Social and Political Importance. Harvard Semitic Monograph series.
Book Chapters:

2013. “Life of Adam and Eve,” in Outside the Bible: Ancient Jewish Writings Related to Scripture, eds. L. Feldman, J. Kugel and L. Schiffman, 1331-1358. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society.

2014. “Forgive Us Our Debts,” in Biblical Essays in Honor of Daniel J. Harrington, SJ, and Richard J. Clifford, SJ: Opportunity for No Little Instruction, ed. Christopher G. Frechette, Christopher R. Matthews, and Thomas G. Stegman, SJ, 56-67. Mahwah, NJ: Paulist Press.

2013. “How Does Almsgiving Purge Sins,” in Hebrew in the Second Temple Period: The Hebrew of the Dead Sea Scrolls and of Other Contemporary Sources. Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium of the Orion Center for the Study of the Dead Sea Scrolls and Associated Literature, Jointly Sponsored by the Eliezer Ben-Yehuda Center for the Study of the History of the Hebrew Language, 29-31 December 2008, ed. S. E. Fassberg, M. Bar-Asher, and R. Clements, 1-14. Leiden: Brill.

2013. “Does Tobit Fear God for Nought,” in The Call of Abraham: Essays on the Election of Israel in Honor of Jon D. Levenson, eds. G. Anderson and J. Kaminsky, 115-143. Notre Dame:  University of Notre Dame Press.

2013. “You Will Have Treasure in Heaven,” in New Approaches to the Study of Biblical Interpretation in Judaism of the Second Temple period and in Early Christianity, ed., G. Anderson, R. Clements and D. Satran, 107-132. Leiden: Brill.

2012. “The Baptism of Jesus Christ: On Jesus’ Solidarity with Israel and Foreknowledge of the Passion,” in Explorations in the Theology of Benedict XVI, ed. J. Cavadini, 236-53. Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press.

2012. “The Akedah in Canonical and Artistic Perspective,” in Genesis and Christian Theology, ed., N. MacDonald, M. Elliott, and G. Macaskill, 43-61. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

2012. “Almsgiving as an Expression of Faith,” in Emotions from Ben Sira to Paul, eds. R. Egger-Wenzel and J. Corley, 121-132. Berlin: de Gruyter.

2011. “Did Jesus Confess His Sins at Baptism? Evidence from the Book of Tobit,” in Method and Meaning: Essays on New Testament Interpretation in Honor of Harold W. Attridge, ed. Andrew B. McGowan and Kent H. Richards, 453-464. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.

2011. “What About the Canaanites?” in Divine Evil? The Moral Character of the God of Abraham, ed. M. Bergmann, M. Murray, and M. Rea, 269-82. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

2011. “Tobit as Righteous Sufferer,” A Teacher for All Generations: Essays in Honor of James C. VanderKam, ed. E. Mason et al., 493-507. Leiden: Brill.

2011. “Redeem Your Sins through Works of Charity,” in To Train His Soul in Books: Syriac Asceticism in Early Christianity, ed. R. Darling Young and M. Blanchard, 57-65. Washington, DC: Catholic University of America Press.

2010. “The Inauguration of the Tabernacle Service at Sinai,” The Temple of Jerusalem:  From Moses to the Messiah. Ed by S. Fine, 1-15. Leiden: Brill.
2016.. “Christus Victor in the Work of Ephrem, Narsai, and Jacob of Serug,” in Suffering and Evil in Early Christian Thought (eds., Nonna Verna Harrison and David G. Hunter; Grand Rapids, MI:  Baker Academic, 2016) 57-80.

2015. “’Through Those Who are Near to Me, I Will Show Myself Holy’: Nadab and Abihu and Apophatic Theology,” Catholic Biblical Quarterly 77 : 1-19.
2013. “Vergib uns unsere Schulden,” Zeitschrift für Neues Testament, 32 (2013), 61-66.
2012. “A Treasury in Heaven: The Exegesis of Proverbs 10:2 in the Second Temple Period,” Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel, 3 (2012): 351-67.



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