Gary Knoppers

Gary Knoppers

Endowed Professor
John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology
Biblical Studies/Christianity and Judaism in Antiquity


B.A., Philosophy, Calvin College College (1979) M.Div., Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (1982) M.A., Harvard University, Near Eastern Studies (1986) Ph.D., Harvard University, Near Eastern Studies (1988)

Research and Teaching Interests

Old Testament/Hebrew Bible, Ancient Historiography, Ancient Israelite and Near Eastern History, Ancient Near Eastern and Biblical Law, Biblical Theology, The Books of Samuel-Kings, Chronicles, and Ezra-Nehemiah, Comparative Ancient Near Eastern Religions, Early Jewish and Samaritan Relations, Early Judaism, Inner Scriptural Exegesis, Syro-Palestinian Archaeology, Textual Criticism

Recent Publications

(with Bernard M. Levinson), The Pentateuch as Torah: New Models for Understanding Its Promulgation and Acceptance (Eisenbrauns, 2007). 
(with Lester L. Grabbe and Deirdre N. Fulton), Exile and Restoration
Revisited: Essays on the Babylonian and Persian Periods in Memory of Peter. R. Ackroyd (Library of Second Temple 73; 2009).
‘"Married into Moab": The Exogamy Practiced by Judah and his Descendants in the Judahite Lineages,” in Mixed Marriages: Intermarriage and Group Identity in the Second Temple Period, ed. Christian Frevel (Library of Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Studies 547; 2011) 170–191.
“Exile, Return, and Diaspora: Expatriates and Repatriates in Late Biblical Literature,” in Texts, Contexts and Readings in Postexilic Literature: Explorations into Historiography and Identity Negotiation in Hebrew Bible and Related Texts, ed. Louis C. Jonker (Forschungen zum Alten Testament II, 53; 2011) 29–61.
(with Oded Lipschits and Manfred Oeming), Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Period: Negotiating Identity in an International Context (Eisenbrauns, 2011).
“The Samaritan Schism or the Judaization of Samaria? Reassessing Josephus’s Account of the Mt. Gerizim Temple,” in Making a Difference: Essays on the Bible and Judaism in Honour of Tamara Cohn Eskenazi, ed. David J. A. Clines, Kent Richards, and Jacob L. Wright (Hebrew Bible Monographs 49; 2012) 163–78.
"The Relationship of the Deuteronomistic History to Chronicles: Was the Chronicler a Deuteronomist?" in Congress Volume, Helsinki 2010, ed. Martti Nissinen (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum 148; 2012) 307–41.
Jews and Samaritans: The Origins and History of Their Early Relations (Oxford University Press, 2013).
‘“To Him You must Listen’: The Prophetic Legislation in Deuteronomy and the Reformation of Classical Tradition in Chronicles,” in Chronicling the Chronicler: The Book of Chronicles and Early Second Temple Historiography, ed. Paul S. Evans and Tyler F. Williams (Eisenbrauns, 2013) 161–94.
"Moses and the Greek Lawgivers: The Triumph of the Torah in Ancient Mediterranean Perspective. Forthcoming in Codes de lois et lois sacrées: la rédaction et la codification des lois en Grèce et dans l’Israël ancien, ed. C. Nihan and D. Jaillard.
“The Septuagint of 1–2 Chronicles.” Forthcoming in the Textual History of the Bible, ed. E. Tov. Leiden: Brill.


Gary Knoppers is the John A. O’Brien Professor of Theology at the University of Notre Dame. Previously, he was the Edwin Erle Sparks Professor of Classics and Ancient Mediterranean Studies and Jewish Studies at The Pennsylvania State University. Born in Canada, Knoppers received a B.A. in Philosophy from Calvin College College (1979), a M.Div from Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary (1982), and a M.A. (1986) and Ph.D from Harvard University in Near Eastern Studies (1988). He is a past president of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies (2003–2004) and President of the Biblical Colloquium (2009–2011). He serves on the editorial boards of a number of journals, professional societies, and institutes, including Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel, the Journal of Hebrew Scriptures, Studia Samaritana, Vetus Testamentum, the Internationaler Exegetischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament, and the W. F. Albright Institute of Archaeological Research. His scholarly specializations include Hebrew scriptures, ancient historiography, ancient Near Eastern and biblical law, inner-scriptural exegesis, textual criticism, and the history of early Jewish and Samaritan relations. Professor Knoppers has lectured widely in Canada, the United States, the United Kingdom, Europe, Israel, and South Africa. Among his recent publications are a two-volume commentary on I Chronicles in the Anchor Bible series (2004), a co-edited volume (with Bernard Levinson) on The Pentateuch as Torah (2007), and a co-edited volume (with Oded Lipschits and Manfred Oeming) on Judah and the Judeans in the Achaemenid Period (2011). His recent monograph, Jews and Samaritans: The Origins and History of Their Early Relations (Oxford University Press, 2013) received the R.B.Y Scott Award for Outstanding Book in Old Testament and Ancient Near Eastern Studies (2014). He is under contract to produce a commentary on II Chronicles for the Yale Anchor Bible and a three-volume commentary on I and II Kings (with Steven McKenzie) in the Internationaler Exegetischer Kommentar zum Alten Testament series.

Watch the video below to see Prof. Knoppers discuss the origins of an international Judaism. 


130 Malloy Hall
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame, IN 46556
Telephone 574.631.7811
Fax: 574.631.4291