Maxwell Johnson Syllabus

Department of Theology University of Notre Dame

Summer, 2013 MTWRF: 3:15-3:55

Malloy 220


Maxwell E. Johnson


Course Description:

Survey of liturgical history and sources with regard to both Eastern and Western rites. Fundamental liturgical sources including basic homiletic and catechetical documents of the patristic period. Basic introduction to the methodology of liturgical study.


For students pursuing the M.A. and or MTS in Liturgical Studies and others, the goals of this foundational course are:

1. the attaining of an overall knowledge of the sources for and shifts within the wide

spectrum of Eastern and Western liturgical history; and

2. the attaining of the necessary methodological and research skills for: further study and research in other courses concerned with specific rites and/or liturgical topics in detail.

Class Requirements and Format:

Lecture by instructor, one short exercise on the Missale Romanum Tridentinum due Nov. 5, one major paper (15- 20 pages) on a liturgical source from the patristic or medieval period (due Dec. 5), and two take-home examinations (due October 3 and November 26).


Grades will be determined on the basis of "full, active, and conscious participation" and student papers/exams.

NOTE: The grade A is reserved for what is considered to be exceptional work on the graduate level; a B+ means that work is at a level of solid and high quality, a level above what is necessary to successfully complete the requirements for the course; a B is good solid work, the average and minimum required (and expected) for the successful completion of a graduate-level course; a C+ is a passing grade for graduate level study meaning that an assignment was completed but in need of improvement and/or further development or clarification; and a C, although a passing grade, indicates some serious problems.

Required Books

J. Baldovin, Reforming the Liturgy: A Response to Critics (RLRC)

P. Bradshaw, The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship (SEARCH)

M. Johnson, Sacraments and Worship (SW)

E. Palazzo, A History of Liturgical Books (Liturgical Press)

R. Taft, The Byzantine Rite: A Short History (Liturgical Press) - BR

J. White, Protestant Worship (Westminster/John Knox) – PW Highly Recommended

Peter Jeffrey, Translating Tradition: A Chant Historian Reads Liturgiam Authenticam

(TT) On Reserve (All required and recommended books and) WCC, Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry (BEM).

Geoffrey Wainwright and Karen Westefield-Tucker, The Oxford History of Christian

Worship (OHCW)

K. Hughes, A Monk’s Tale

R. Taft, Beyond East and West: Problems in Liturgical Understanding (Rome:

Pontifical Oriental Institute, SECOND EDITION)

NOTE: Articles and chapters listed below within the assigned readings are supposed to be on electronic reserves. If not there they are also under regular reserve in the library.

To access these readings electronically go to:

The course can also be accessed by going to the University Libraries website at

<> and clicking on the Electronic Reserves link located under LibraryServices:


Key: R = Required Reading; S = Suggested or Supplemental Reading


W, August 22

Lectio brevis : The Scope of the Course

Reading: R - R. Taft, Beyond East and West (BEW) : Intro., Forward, and ch. 1:“Toward

a Theology of the Christian Feast” (on reserve); R. Taft, Beyond East and West : ch. 15:

“Response to the Berakah Award” (on reserve); Palazzo, History of Liturgical Books, 1 19.

M, August 27

Methodological Introduction to Historical Liturgical Study

Reading for August 29: R – SEARCH, pp. 1-20; A. Baumstark, Comparative Liturgy, chapters 1-2 (handout); R. Taft, Beyond East and West ch. 10: “The Structural Analysis of Liturgical Units: An Essay in Methodology,” (on reserve).

W, August 29

Principles for Reading and Interpreting Ancient Liturgical Sources

Reading for September 3: R – SEARCH, pp. 21-46; PEER, pp. 1-12; SpL, pp. 3-19

M, September 3 Jewish Liturgy and Sources

Reading for September 5: SW, 178-9, SEARCH, pp. 47-72; D. Aune, "Worship, Early

Christian" in The Anchor Bible Dictionary, vol. 6 (New York: Doubleday, 1992), pp. 973-989 – on reserve; S - OHCW, pp. 1-31

W, September 5

Worship in the New Testament Reading: R for entire Early Churches Unit – SEARCH, pp. 73-231; SW, 105-6, 180-

2, 253-4, 271-2, 286, 292, 313-15, 344-5, 371-4; S - OHCW, pp. 32-130;


A. The Pre-Nicene Period

Liturgy in the Pre-Nicene Period: An Overview

Reading for September 8: R – SW (all pre-Nicene materials); SEARCH, 73-231, focusing on pre-Nicene materials; S - OHCW, pp. 32-75

M, September 10

Pre-Nicene Liturgical Sources I: The Didache and the Apologies of Justin Martyr

Reading for September 12: Same as for September 10.

W, September 12:

Pre-Nicene Liturgical Sources II: Didascalia Apostolorum and the so-called Apostolic Tradition

Reading for September 15: R for Nicene and post-Nicene period – SW (all Nicene and post-Nicene materials); SEARCH pp. 73-231, focusing on Nicene and post-Nicene materials; S - OHCW, 77-130;

B. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Period

M, September 17:

Liturgy in the Nicene and Post-Nicene Period: An Overview

Reading for September 19: Review SEARCH, 73-97

W, September 19

Nicene and Post-Nicene Sources I: Church Orders: Apostolic Constitutions, 7-8

M, September 24

Nicene and Post-Nicene Sources II: Cyril of Jerusalem's Catecheses and The

Pilgrimage Diary of Egeria

W, September 26:

Nicene and Post-Nicene Sources III: The Sacramentary of Sarapion of Thmuis and

Ambrose of Milan

Take-Home Exam 1 Distributed


Reading for Medieval Period: R – SW (all medieval and Eastern materials; also pp. 5 12, 51-6), BR; E. Bishop, "The Genius of the Roman Rite," in Liturgica historica (on reserve); Palazzo, History of Liturgical Books; R. Taft, BEW, ch. 11: “How Liturgies Grow,” (on reserve); S - OHCC, 131-306.

M, October 1:

Liturgies in the Medieval Churches of East and West: An Overview; Classification of Rites in East and West: The Byzantine Liturgy Medieval Western Liturgical Sources I: Non-Roman Western Sacramentaries - Gallican, Celtic, Mozarabic*

Reading for October 3: R – Palazzo, 19-62; 111-186; S – OHCW, 175-253

W, October 3:

Medieval Western Liturgical Sources II: Roman Sacramentaries and Ordines Romani

Take-Home Exam 1 due!

M, October 8:

Medieval Western Liturgical Sources III: Breviarium; Pontificale, Lectionaries,




Reading for Reformation and Counter Reformation: R White, Protestant Worship, SW (all Reformation materials) – S - OHCW, 307-533

Special Assignment for M, NOV 5: Missale Romanum Tridentinum . Check out a copy of an altar edition of the Tridentine Missale Romanum from the Library, browse through it carefully noting how its contents are organized, and prepare a brief (3 page) outline of it to be turned in on Nov. 4.

W, October 10

Liturgy in the Churches of the Protestant Reformation: An Overview

Reading for October 22: R - PW, pp. 35-78.


M, October 22

Reformation Liturgical Sources I: Lutheran and Reformed

Reading for October 24: PW, 94-117, 150-171

W, October 24

Reformation Liturgical Sources II: Anglican and Methodist

Reading for October 29: PW, 117-149, 172-208

M, October 29

Reformation Liturgical Sources III: Free Church Traditions

W, October 31:

Reformation Liturgical Sources IV: The Council of Trent and the Tridentine Books

Take-Home Exam 2 Distributed

M, November 5:

The Missal of Pius V (including video presentation) Missale Romanum Tridentinum Outline is due!


Reading for Modern Period: R – SW (all contemporary materials), RLRC, Baptism, Eucharist and Ministry (available on line); S -TT; OHCW, 586- 754; K. Hughes, A Monk’s Tale

W, November 7

From Trent to Vatican II

M, November 12:

Modern Liturgies and the Contemporary Roman Liturgical Reform/Books

W, November 14:

Liturgical Reform/Books in Other Modern Churches: Lutheran, Anglican, Reformed, Methodist/ Ecumenical Liturgical/Sacramental Convergence (Baptism,

Eucharist, and Ministry)

Reading for November 17; S- TT

M, November 19

Issues of Inculturation I -

W, November 21 – Sunday, November 25 -THANKSGIVING BREAK

M, November 26:

Issues of Inculturation II – The Dancing Church



Reading for December 3: R – Johnson, “The Loss of a Common Language,” (supplied), RLRC; S –TT

M, December 3

Issues of Inculturation III – Translation

“Reform of the Reform?”

Reading for December 5: R – R – Johnson, “Can We Avoid Relativism in Worship?”

M. Aune, “Liturgy and Theology: Rethinking the Relationship; Parts 1 and 2,” (distributed)

W, December 5: Liturgical Theology in the light of Liturgical History






A. Adam, Foundations of Liturgy: An Introduction to Its History and Practice.

Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo 1992.

T. Klauser, A Short History of the Western Liturgy  London 1969.

F. Senn, Christian Liturgy: Catholic and Evangelical . Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress 1997.

C. Jones, G. Wainwright, E. Yarnold, and P Bradshaw (eds.), The Study of Liturgy .

Rev. Edition. London/New York: Oxford 1992. (Good bibliographies at the

beginning of each section)

A.G. Martimort, et. al. (eds.), The Church at Prayer . 4 vols. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press 1986. (Good bibliographies at the beginning of each section with numerous important French works)

R. Taft, Beyond East and West: Problems in Liturgical Understanding.

Washington, D.C.: The Pastoral Press 1984. Revised Ed. Rome: Pontifical

Oriental Institute 1997.

B. Thompson, A Bibliography of Christian Worship . Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press 1988. (Megabibliography worth owning but price is prohibitive, around $100)

J. White, A Brief History of Christian Worship. Nashville: Abingdon 1993.

J. White, Documents of Christian Worship. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox 1992.

H. Wegman, Christian Worship in East and West: A Study Guide to Liturgical History. Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo 1985.


L. Bouyer, Eucharist: Theology and Sprituality of the Eucharistic Prayer . Notre Dame 1968.

Y. Brillioth, Eucharistic Faith and Practice: Evangelical and Catholic London 1930.

G. Dix, The Shape of the Liturgy . London 1945. (No book has been more influential on

modern liturgical revision).

L. Duchesne, Christian Worship: Its Origin and Evolution London 1930.

J. Jungmann, The Mass of the Roman Rite: Its Origins and Development (Missarum

Solemnia) . 2 vols. Benziger 1951. Reprinted Christian Classics 1986.

J. Jungmann, Pastoral Liturgy . New York: Herder and Herder 1962.

J. Jungmann, The Place of Christ in Liturgical Prayer. London: Geoffrey Chapman

1962. Reprinted by Collegeville: The Liturgical Press 1989.

T. Klauser, A Short History of the Western Liturgy London 1969.

G.G. Willis, Essays in Early Roman Liturgy. London 1964 (= Alcuin Club Collections 46).

G.G. Willis, Further Essays in Early Roman Liturgy . London 1968 (= Alcuin Club Collections 50).


All of the following are from Grove Books, Ltd., Cambridge, England.

Key: AGLS = Alcuin/GROW Liturgical Study; GLS = Grove Liturgical Studies; JLS =

Joint Liturgical Studies

Cesare Alzati, Ambrosianum Mysterium vol. 1, 1999 = JLS 44

Cesare Alzati, Ambrosianum Mysterium vol. 2, 2000 = JLS 47-8

J. Baldovin, Liturgy in Ancient Jerusalem 1989 = AGLS 9

P. Bradshaw (ed.) The Canons of Hippolytus 1987 = AGLS 50

P. Bradshaw (ed.) Essays on Early Christian Initiation 1989 = AGLS 8

S. Brock and M Vasey, Liturgical Portions of the Didascalia = GLS 29.

C. Buchanan, Eucharistic Liturgies of Edward VI = GLS 34.

M. Connell, The Letter of Innocent I to Decentius of Gubbio 2002 = AGLS 52

G. Cuming, Hippolytus: A Text for Students = GLS 8.

G. Cuming, Essays on Hippolytus = GLS 15.

J. Day, Baptism in Early Byzantine Palestine 325-451 1999 = JLS 43

J. Fenwick, Fourth-Century Anaphoral Construction Techniques 1986 = GLS 45

J. Fenwick, The Missing Oblation: The Contents of the Early Antiochene Anaphora

1989 = AGLS 11

E. Foley, Foundations of Christian Music: The Music of Pre-Constantinian Christianity 1992 = AGLS 22-23

W. J. Grisbrooke, The Liturgical Portions of the Apostolic Constitutions 1990 = AGLS


G. Jeanes, The Origins of the Roman Rite 1991 = AGLS 20

G. Jeanes, The Origins of the Roman Rite vol. 2, 1998 = JLS 42

M. Johnson, Liturgy in Early Christian Egypt = AGLS 33

A Kreider, Worship and Evangelism in Pre-Christendom 1995 = JLS 32

R. Lennard-Barrett, The Sacramentary of Sarapion 1993 = AGLS 25

(Use only in conjunction with M. Johnson, The Prayers of Sarapion of Thmuis , Orientalia Christiana Analecta 249, Rome 1995)

L. Edward Phillips, The Ritual Kiss in Early Christian Worship 1996 = JLS 36 10

D. Power, Irenaeus of Lyon on Baptism and Eucharist 1991 = AGLS 18

P. Rorem, The Medieval Growth of Liturgical Symbolism = GLS 47

G. Sperry-White, Testamentum Domini 1991 = AGLS 19.

B. Spinks, Addai and Mari...A Text for Students = GLS 24.

B. Spinks, Luther's Liturgical Criteria and his Reform of the Canon of the Mass =

GLS 30.

B. Spinks, Mar Nestorius and Mar Theodore the Interpreter: The Forgotten Eucharistic

Prayers of East Syria 1999 = AGLS 45 Alistair Stewart-Sykes and Judith Newman, Early Jewish Liturgy 2001 = JLS 51

B. Varghese, The Syriac Version of the Liturgy of St. James: A Brief History for Students 2001 = JLS 49

P. Tovey, The Liturgy of St. James as Presently Used 1998 = JLS 40


P. Bradshaw, Early Christian Worship: A Basic Introduction to Ideas and Practice .

London: SPCK 1996.

P. Bradshaw, The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship: Sources and

Methods for the Study of Early Liturgy. 2nd edn. London/New York: Oxford 2002. (Read the footnotes carefully for important works to be consulted)

P. Bradshaw and L. Hoffman (eds.), The Making of Jewish and Christian Worship .

Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1991.

J. Jungmann, The Early Liturgy To the Time of Gregory the Great. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press 1959. (Use with caution)

K. Stevenson, The First Rites: Worship in the Early Church . Collegeville: The Liturgical Press 1989.


J. Harper, The Forms and Orders of Western Liturgy: From the Tenth to the

Eighteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press 1991. (Of

special interest to those in Liturgical Music but good general descriptions and references)

E. Palazzo, Histoire des livres liturgiques. Le Moyen Age. Des origines au XIIIe

siècle. Paris: Beauchesne 1993 (= A History of Liturgical Books (Collegeville:

The Liturgical Press, Pueblo, 1998)).

R.W. Pfaff, Medieval Latin Liturgy: A Select Bibliography (= Toronto Medieval

Bibliographies 9). Toronto/Buffalo/London: University of Toronto Press, 1982. (Excellent and standard medieval bibliographical reference work)

C. Vogel, Medieval Liturgy: An Introduction to the Sources. Washington, D.C.: The Pastoral Press, 1986. (This current definitive treatment must be consulted for references to standard critical editions of Latin medieval sources!)


T.C. Akeley, Christian Initiation in Spain, c. 300-1100 . London 1967.

P. Fink (ed.), The New Dictionary of Sacramental Worship Collegeville: Michael Glazier 1990. S.v. "Traditions, Liturgical, In the West: Pre-Reformation," 1282-1293.

A.A. King, Liturgies of the Primatial Sees London 1957.

W.S. Porter, The Gallican Rite London 1958.

W.F. Warren and J. Stevenson, The Liturgy and Ritual of the Celtic Church Woodbridge 1987.


Important Periodicals/Journals for Eastern Liturgical Studies:

Byzantinische Zeitschrift

Dumbarton Oaks Papers

Eastern Churches Review

Echos d'Orient

Greek Orthodox Theological Review

Oriens Christianus

L'Orient syrien

Orientalia Christiana Periodica (Orientalia Christiana Analecta: monograph series)

Ostkirchliche Studien

Revue des études arméniens

Revue des études byzantines


D. Attwater, The Christian Churches of the East (2 vols.)

J. Baldovin, The Urban Character of Christian Worship: The Origins, Development, and Meaning of Stational Liturgy (= OCA 228)

G. Bertoniêre, The Historical Development of the Easter Vigil and Related Services in the Greek Church (= OCA 193).

G. Bertoniêre, The Sundays of Lent in the Triodion: The Sundays Without a

Commemoration.(= Orientalia Christiana Analecta 253) Rome 1997.

F.E. Brightman, Liturgies Eastern and Western, vol. 1: Eastern (vol. 2 never written).

P. Bradshaw (ed.), Essays on Early Eastern Eucharistic Prayers . Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo, 1997.

O.H.E. KHS. Burmester, The Egyptian or Coptic Church. A Detailied Description of Her Liturgical Services and Rites and Ceremonies Observed in the Administration of her Sacraments

F.C. Conybeare - A.J. Maclean, Rituale Armenorum, Being the Administration of the Sacraments and Breviary Rites of the Armenian Church

I.H. Dalmais, Eastern Liturgies (= 20th Century Encyclopedia of Catholicism, 112)

H. Denzinger, Ritus orientalium coptorum, syrorum et armenorum in administrandis sacramentis (sacramental rites other than eucharist in traditions other than Byzantine).

J. Fenwick, The Anaphoras of St Basil and St James: An Investigation into Their

Common Origins (= OCA 240).

A. King, The Rites of Eastern Christendom (2 vols.)

W.F. Macomber, "A Theory on the Origins of the Syrian, Maronite and Chaldean Rites," OCP 39 (1973), 235-42.

W.F. Macomber, "History of the Chaldean Mass," Worship 51 (1977), 107-20.

W.F. Macomber, "The Sources for a Study of the Chaldean Mass," Worship 51 (1977), 523-536.

J. Mateos, La célébration de la parole dans la liturgie byzantine (= OCA 191)

J. Mateos, "The Evolution of the Byzantine Liturgy," John XXIII Lectures , I, 76-112.

J. Mateos, Le Typicon de la Grande Église (= OCA 165, 166).

T. Mathews, The Early Churches of Constantinople: Architecture and Liturgy

E. Renaudot, Liturgiarum orientalium collectio (2 vols - non-Byzantine Eucharist)

R.G. Roberson, The Eastern Christian Churches: A Brief Survey

S. Salaville, An Introduction to the Study of Eastern Liturgies

A. Schmemann, The Eucharist

A. Schmemann, For the Life of the World: Sacraments and Orthodoxy

A. Schmemann, Great Lent

A. Schmemann, Introduction to Liturgical Theology

A. Schmemann, Of Water and the Spirit

H.-J. Schulz, The Byzantine Liturgy

R. Taft, Beyond East and West: Problems in Liturgical Understanding

R. Taft, The Byzantine Rite: A Short History

R. Taft, The Diptychs (= OCA 238)

R. Taft, The Great Entrance. A History of the Transfer of Gifts and Other Preanaphoral Rites of the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom (= OCA 200)

R.Taft, "The Liturgy of the Great Church: An Initial Synthesis of Structure and

Interpretation on the Eve of Iconoclasm," Dumbarton Oaks Papers 34-35 (1980-

81) 45-75.

F. van de Paverd, Zur Geschichte der Messliturgie in Antiocheia und Konstantinopel gegen Ende des 4. Jahrhunderts (= OCA 187)

G. Winkler, Das armenische Initiationsrituale: Entwicklungsgeschlichtliche und liturgievergleichende Untersuchung der Quellen des 3. bis 10. Jahrhunderts (= OCA 217)

H. Wybrew, The Orthodox Liturgy: The Development of the Eucharistic Liturgy in the Byzantine Rite


L. Reed, The Lutheran Liturgy . Philadelphia: Fortress Press 1947 ff. (Although rather biased in approach, this is an excellent treatment of Reformation and modern Lutheran liturgical sources)

F. Senn, Christian Liturgy: Catholic and Evangelical . Minneapolis: Augsburg Fortress 1997.

V. Vajta, Luther on Worship: An Interpretation. Philadelphia: Muhlenberg Press 1958.

J. White, Protestant Worship: Traditions in Transition . Louisville: Westminster/John Knox 1989.



Archiv für Liturgiewissenschaft

Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie

Ephemerides liturgicae

Ecclesia Orans

Henry Bradshaw Society (rare liturgical texts; Latin primarily)

Jahrbuch für Liturgik und Hymnologie

Jahrbuch für Liturgiewissenchaft

La Maison-Dieu

Liturgiegeschichtliche Quellen und Forsuchungen

Sutdia Liturgica

Studia Patristica




T.C. Akeley, Christian Initiation in Spain, c. 300-1100 . London 1967.

G. Austin. Anointing with the Spirit. New York: Pueblo, 1985.

P. Bradshaw. Essays in Early Eastern Initiation. Alcuin/GROW Liturgical Study. Bramcote/Nottingham 1989.

F.L. Cross. St. Cyril of Jerusalem's Lectures on the Christian Sacraments:

The Procatechesis and the Five Mystagogical Catecheses. London 1951.

M. Dujarier, A History of the Catechumenate: The First Six Centuries.

New York: Sadlier, 1979.

T.M. Finn. The Liturgy of Baptism in the Baptismal Instructions of St. John

Chrysostom (= Stud. in Christian Antiquity 15). Washington 1967.

T.M. Finn. Early Christian Baptism and the Catechumenate . 2 vols.

(= Message of the Fathers of the Church 5 and 6)Collegeville: Michael Glazier 1992

J.D.C. Fisher, Christian Initiation. Baptism in the Medieval West (= Alcuin

Club Collections 47). London 1965.

M.E. Johnson (ed.), Living Water, Sealing Spirit: Readings on Christian

Initiation . Collegeville: Pueblo 1995.

M.E. Johnson, The Rites of Christian Initiation: Their Evolution and Interpretation, revised and expanded edn (Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo, 2007).

A. Kavanagh, Confirmation: Origins and Reform. New York: Pueblo, 1988.

A. Kavanagh, The Shape of Baptism. New York: Pueblo, 1978.

G.W.H. Lampe. The Seal of the Spirit. A Study in the Doctrine of Baptism and

Confirmation in the New Testament and the Fathers. London 1967.

L.L. Mitchell. Baptismal Anointing (= Alcuin Club Collections 48). London 1966.

B. Neunheuser. Baptism and Confirmation. New York 1964.

H. M. Riley. Christian Initiation: A Comparative Study of the Interpretation of the

Baptismal Liturgy in the Mystagogical Writings of Cyril of Jerusalem, John Chrysostom, Theodore of Mopsuestia and Ambrose of Milan (= Studies in Christian Antiquity 17). Washington 1974.

Bryan Spinks. Early and Medieval Rituals and Theologies of Baptism; From the New Testament to the Council of Trent. Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

Bryan Spinks. Reformation and Modern Rituals and Theologies of Baptism: From Luther to Contemporary Practices. Aldershot/Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

P. Turner, Confirmation: The Baby in Solomon's Court. New York/Mahwah: Paulist Press 1993.

P. Turner, Sources of Confirmation: From the Fathers Through the Reformers

Collegeville 1993.

E.C. Whitaker, Documents of the Baptismal Liturgy. London: SPCK, 1970. Revised and Expanded Edition by Maxwell E. Johnson, available November, 2003.

Wilkinson, J. Egeria's Travels . London 1981.

G. Winkler, Das armenische Initiationsrituale: Entwicklungsgeschichtliche und liturgievergleichende Untersuchung der Quellen des 3. bis 10 Jahrhunderts . (= Orientalia Christiana Analecta 217 (Rome 1982).

E. Yarnold, The Awe-Inspiring Rites of Initiation: Baptismal Homilies of the Fourth Century. Slough, England: St. Paul, 1971. Rev. ed. Collegeville: Liturgical Press 1994.



At the Lord's Table (= Supplemental Worship Resources 9) Nashville 1981.

Book of Common Prayer . (American Episcopal Church) Seabury 1979. Pp. 361-382.

Book of Common Worship . (Presbyterian Church, USA) Louisville 1993. Pp. 69-73, 126-159, and 165-400.

F.E. Brightman, Liturgies Eastern and Western. Vol. 1: Eastern Liturgies .

Oxford 1896. (prints Greek texts where available; other languages in English


C. Buchanan (ed.), Eucharistic Liturgies of Edward VI: A Text for Students (= Grove Liturgical Study 34) Grove Books Ltd.: Bramcote/Nottingham 1983.

A. Hänggi, I. Pahl (eds.), Prex Eucharistica. textus e variis liturgiis antiquioribus selecti Editio secunda. (= Spicilegium Friburgense 12) Fribourg 1968. (prints Greek and Latin texts where available; other languages in Latin translation)

R.C.D. Jasper, G.J. Cuming (eds.), Prayers of the Eucharist. Early and Reformed. Third Edition. Collegeville 1987. Lutheran Book of Worship . Minister's Edition. Minneapolis 1978. Pp. 207-226.

Missale Romanum. Ex decreto sacrosancti oecumenici concilii vaticani II instauratum auctoritate Pauli pp. VI promulgatum. Typical Edition. Vatican City 1969. Pp. 392-471.

I.Paul (ed.), Coena Domini . Vol. I: Die Abendmahlsliturgie der Reformations-kirchen im 16./17. Jahrhundert (= Spicilegium Friburgense 29) Fribourg 1983.*

(prints Reformation eucharistic prayer texts in original languages)

E. Renaudot, Liturgiarum Orientalium Collectio . 2 volumes. Frankfurt 1847. (Non-Byzantine Eastern Rites in Latin translation)

Sacramentary . Collegeville 1985. Pp. 416-521, 1122-1148.


E. Atchley, On the Epiclesis of the Eucharistic Liturgy and in the Consecration

of the Font (= Alcuin Club Collections) Oxford 1935.

J.P. Audet, "Literary Forms and Contents of a Normal Eucharistia in the First Century," Texte und Untersuchungen 18 (1959): 643-662.

J. Betz, Eucharistie in der Schrift und Patristik (= Handbuch der Dogmengeschichte IV , fasc. 4a) Basel-Vienna 1979.

B. Botte, Le Canon de la Messe romaine . Louvain 1935.

A. Bouley, From Freedom to Formula. The Evolution of the Eucharistic Prayer from Oral Improvisation to Written Texts . (Washington D.C. 1981).

L. Bouyer, Eucharist. Theology and Spirituality of the Eucharistic Prayer.

Notre Dame 1968.

P. Bradshaw, Eucharistic Origins. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004.

P. Bradshaw (ed.), Essays on Early Eastern Eucharistic Prayers . Collegeville: The Liturgical Press, Pueblo, 1997.

P. Bradshaw, The Search for the Origins of Christian Worship . New York/London 1992. See especially pp. 131-160.

Y. Brillioth, Eucharistic Faith and Practice, Evangelical and Catholic . London 1965.

P. Brunner, Worship in the Name of Jesus Concordia: St. Louis 1968.

G. Cuming, "DI' EUCHES LOGOU (Justin Apology 1.66.2)," Journal of Theological Studies 31 (1980): 80-82.

G. Cuming, "Four Very Early Anaphoras," Worship 58 (1984): 168-172.

G. Cuming, He Gave Thanks: An Introduction to the Eucharistic Prayer (= Grove

Liturgical Study 28) Grove Books Ltd.: Bramcote/Nottingham 1981.

G. Cuming, "The Anaphora of St. Mark: A Study in Development," Le Muséon 95 (1982): 115-129.

G. Cuming, "The Early Eucharistic Liturgies in Recent Research," in B. Spinks (ed.) The Sacrifice of Praise (Rome 1981): 63-69.

G. Cuming, The Liturgy of St Mark (= Orientalia Christiana Analecta 234)

Rome 1990.

G. Cuming, "Pseudonymity and Authenticity, with Special Reference to the Liturgy of

St. John Chrysostom," Studia Patristica 15 (1984): 532-538.

G. Cuming, "The Shape of the Anaphora," Studia Patristica 20 (1989): 333-345.

G. Cuming, "Thmuis Revisited: Another Look at the Prayers of Sarapion of Thmuis," Theological Studies 41 (1980): 568-575.

E.J. Cutrone, "Cyril's Mystagogical Catecheses and the Evolution of the Jerusalem Anaphora," Orientalia Christiana Periodica 44 (1978).

E.J. Cutrone, "The Liturgical Setting of the Institution Narrative in the Early Syrian

Tradition," in J. N. Alexander (ed.), Time and Community. In Honor of

Thomas Julian Talley . The Pastoral Press: Washington D.C. 1990. Pp. 105-114.

G. Dix, "Primitive Consecration Prayers," Theology XXXVII (1938): 261-283.

G. Dix, The Shape of the Liturgy . London 1945.

J. Fenwick, Fourth Century Anaphoral Construction Techniques, (= Grove Liturgical Study 45) Grove Books, Ltd.: Bramcote/Nottingham 1986.

J. Fenwick, The Anaphoras of St Basil and St James: An Investigation Into Their

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